ęSpectrum Photography 2015

bulletThe bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a member of the sea and fish eagle group.
bulletColor - Both male and female adult bald eagles have a blackish-brown back and breast; a white head, neck, and tail; and yellow feet and bill.
bulletJuvenile bald eagles are a mixture of brown and white. They reach full maturity in four to five years.
bulletSize - The female bald eagle is 35 to 37 inches, slightly larger than the male.
bulletWingspan ranges from 72 to 90 inches.
bulletBald eagles can fly to an altitude of 10,000 feet. During level flight, they can achieve speeds of about 30 to 35 mph.
bulletSeveral eagles soaring in a thermal together is described as a kettle of eagles.
bulletBald eagles weigh from ten to fourteen pounds.
bulletEagle bones are light, because they are hollow.
bulletThe beak, talons, and feathers are made of keratin.
bulletBald eagles have 7,000 feathers.
bulletLongevity - Wild bald eagles may live as long as thirty years.
bulletBald eagles sit at the top of the food chain
bulletLifting power is about 4 pounds.
bulletDiet - Mainly fish, but they will take advantage of carrion (dead and decaying flesh).
bulletThe bald eagle is a strong swimmer, but if the water is very cold, it may be overcome by hypothermia.
bulletHunting area varies from 1,700 to 10,000 acres. Home ranges are smaller where food is present in great quantity.
bulletAll eagles are renowned for their excellent eyesight.
bulletNests are built in large trees near rivers or coasts.
bulletAn eagle reaches sexual maturity at around four or five years of age.
bulletFidelity - Once paired, bald eagles remain together until one dies.
bulletBald eagles lay from one to three eggs.
bulletThe 35 days of incubation duties are shared by both male and female.
bulletNesting cycle - about 20 weeks
bulletMortality rate - for first year bald eagles is over 50%.
bulletToday, there are an estimated 9,789 breeding pairs of bald eagles.
bulletEagles molt in patches, taking almost half a year to replace feathers, starting with the head and working downward.
bulletBirds puff up their feathers for various reasons. They puff them up while preening; to insulate themselves to changing temperatures; when they're relaxed; to make themselves appear larger when threatened; and when they're ill.
bulletThe bald eagle became the National emblem in 1782 when the great seal of the United States was adopted.